Who’s who in the war in SE Asia –Internet activity

Directions- Log in to the computer as you normally would and go to the internet.
Go to http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/vietnam/index.html

Use the clues on the bottom and backside of this page in order to fill out the puzzle below.  All the answers are the last names of the people.  Once you have completed the puzzle then look for the mystery phrase in the puzzle grid.  Write the mystery phrase in the spaces below the puzzle.  The number of boxes indicates the number of letters in the phrase.

  1. He was the leader of the Khmer Rouge communists in Cambodia in the mid 1970’s.  He and his followers killed anyone who resisted them.  Their goal was to create an agricultural society where all people lived and worked in huge camps in rural areas.  They executed all former leaders, teachers, and anyone else who opposed them.  Eventually two million Cambodians were killed.
  2. As the leader of the United States, he was known for his programs that helped Americans at home. But during the war in Vietnam he pumped more Americans, equipment and money into the war than any other president.  As the war became more unpopular at home he became the target of anti-war feelings.  As a result he decided not to run again for president in 1968.
  3. He was the president from 1961 – 1963.  As president he greatly increased the money and the Americans that were sent to Vietnam.   (A total of 16,000) Eventually he supported the overthrow of the unpopular leader of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem.  In the end Diem was killed by his own people and he was assassinated also.
  4. He was the vice president of the U.S. from 1969-1973.  During the war in SE Asia he often spoke out harshly against those who demonstrated against war.  He eventually resigned as vice president due to crimes he had committed while governor of Maryland.
  5. He served as Kennedy’s and Johnson’s secretary of defense.  At first, he also supported large increases in soldiers, weapons, and money in the war in Southeast Asia.  But, as the war progressed he began to see that those tactics weren’t working and he came to support the idea that the United States should seek a peaceful solution to the war.
  6. He was a popular politician from Minnesota.  As Johnson’s vice president he was forced to defend Johnson’s unpopular tactics in Vietnam.  He lost a very close presidential race to Richard Nixon in the election of 1968.  After his death, the people of Minnesota named a popular sports complex after him.
  7. He was one of the few men in U.S. History to lose an election for president and come back later to win two terms as president.  (1968 and 1972).  During the war in Southeast Asia
  8. As the last emperor of _____________Bao Dai was basically a puppet in the hands of the various people who controlled his country.  First it was the French, then the Japanese, and after WWII the French again.  He was thrown out of power by the corrupt South Vietnamese leader Ngo Dinh Diem in 1954.
  9. He was well known during the 1970’s and later for his role as a negotiator for our government.  As one of Nixon’s chief advisors he worked out the peace agreement with the North Vietnamese that ended the war for the United States and brought home our prisoners of war.  For his efforts he won the Nobel Peace prize.  He also served as secretary of state for presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
  10. He was a very unpopular leader of South Vietnam for nine years.  He refused to allow free elections and also refused to force the rich to share land with peasants.  As a Catholic, he was very brutal towards Buddhists (the main religion in Vietnam) and destroyed some of their temples.  Eventually he was assassinated.
  11. He was the main general of the U.S. forces in Vietnam from 1964 - 1968.  He continually told the world and the American people that we were winning the war in Vietnam.  But the successful communist attacks in 1968 known as the Tet offensive showed we were not, and he was replaced.
  12. He was the king and leader of Cambodia.  As king, he helped his country gain independence fron France.  He worked very hard to keep his country out of the Vietnam war, but in 1970 it spilled over into Cambodia.  As a result, he was overthrown by Lon Nol, a kilitary leader.  In 1993 he returned as king of Cambodia.
  13. In March of 1968, he was part of a group of American soldiers who shot a large group of innocent Vietnamese villagers.  The slaughter took place in a village known as My Lai.  For this crime he was sentenced to life in prison, but he was later released after serving only a few years.
  14. He is remembered by many of the Vietnamese people as the George Washington of Vietnam.  He helped to start the Vietnamese communist party in 1929.  He led the Vietnamese in their fight for freedom against the French, Japanese, and the Americans.  The Vietnamese people called him "Uncle".