|Judaism is the oldest known monotheistic
religion still practiced in the world today. Its fundamental teachings
have been influential and are the basis for more recently developed religions
such as Christianity and Islam. Judaism teaches that there is one God who
is the creator of all things. After the Hebrew exodus from Egypt, many
Hebrews began to lose their faith in God. During this time, Moses went
atop Mount Sinai and returned with two stone tablets containing laws that
all Hebrews needed to follow. These laws, recorded in the Exodus 20:3-17,
became known as the Ten Commandments.
Moses: He is considered a founder of Judaism due to his role in the liberation of the Hebrews from Egypt, and his delivery of the Ten Commandments from Mount Sinai sometime around 2000 BCE.
Messiah: According to the Hebrew Bible, an anointed king who will lead the Jews back to the land of Israel and establish justice in the world. According to the Christians, the Messiah was Jesus Christ.
Rabbi: Jewish scholar charged with conducting religious services, ensuring that Jewish laws are observed, and serving as a spiritual guide for the community.